Bali is one of thousands of islands constituting the Indonesia Archipelago that has long been renowned as an eminent tourist destination in South Pacific, Many names have been given to this beautiful island, like, The God Islands , the last paradise on earth, morning of the words and so many other name for Bali.
It has for centuries lured visitors from various countries with exotic and vibrant culture, natural scenic beauty, and the friendly smiles of the people and the stronghold of their tradition and belief based on Hinduism has dotted the island with ancient remains, ornately sculpture temples or holly places and this was the main factor to keep away from negative outside influence.

History
The Balinese had already owned their belief and culture When Hinduism was brought into Indonesia about 2000 years ago, The Hindu kingdoms in central and east java had their great influence over Bali, but when a new religion, Islam came in, the Hindu kingdoms in java became less powerful. At that time large number of priest, noblemen and their follower refused the new religion And escape to Bali. They blended their belief and traditions with those of local people, A blend of which  is inherited bye the present Balinese people, the rich culture which is instead of the scenic beauty of the islands.

Religion &  Customs
Hindu religion (Hindu Dharma) is held by almost 95% of the population. Religion is inseparable from the everyday life, from The simple daily rituals to the lavishly semi annually temple festivals. No opportunity is lost to worship God in an unending series of ceremonies that stretches from birth up to after death of the people. There are the three things guiding the spiritual Life of the Hindu Balinese people which are : Tatwa (philosophy), Susila (etiquette), Upacara (rituals). Upacara manifests it self in innumerable ceremonies, such as the semi annual or annual temple festivals, ordination ceremonies, cremation, tooth filling and wedding ceremonies and sacrifices. Balinese cremation ceremony or NGABEN, one of the local rites most frequented by tourist to island. Contrary to popular belief, Balinese cremation rites are not strictly traditional. They Have their roots in the influence of the Hindu Javanese Majapahit empire over of the island, in particular with the entry of Majapahit Hindu priest and missionary Dang Hyang Dwijendra in the 17th century.

The people & Everyday Life
Everyday life in Bali merges with social duties and religious obligations while the art reelects an unnoticed integration of environment, religion and community in which individual is a part. The organization of the villages, land cultivations up to the creations of art are of communal efforts. A village in Bali is the central place for its people while a family is the basic unit of the Balinese society which is grouped into “Banjar” the group unit of several families. Bali is also known for its wide variety of tropical fruit, such as mango, banana, watermelon. Salak, durian the tasty but smelly one and many others

C
eremonies And Special Event
Festival as an important feature of the Balinese life occurs on fixed dates according to the  Balinese Calendar, Instead of temple festival  take place mostly in 210 days or every six months. There are annual cycle and every six month celebrations ceremony, life cycle ceremonies of a Balinese person since the time inside the mother’s womb followed in stages up until marriage and the most important of the Balinese ritual is that includes funeral rites and cremation. Here some of the ceremonies celebration are as follows:
Galungan,  the most important ceremony, symbolizing the victory of virtue (Dharma) upon evil (adharma), the ceremonies is specially by the fitting of penjor a tall bamboo pole splendidly decorated with woven young coconut leaves, fruit, cakes and flowers, on the right side of every house entrance.
Kuningan, this ceremony takes place ten days after Galungan, on this day, special ritual ceremony held for the ancestral spirits.
Nyepi, the holiday is the Balinese’s New Year called Icaka New Year, the day of total silence  through out the islands. No activity is done, no traffic at all on the roads, no fire, and no amusement held for the day long. Great purification and sacrificial rites were held the day before so as to exorcize evil spirits from every corner of the compound.
To maintain and preserve every aspect of the Balinese’s cultural life, annual festivals have been held bye the Provincial Government, such as : The annual Art Festival usually Takes places in every middle of June to middle of July with exhibition and performances of various kinds of artworks and cultural achievements, kite festival.